Norway currently shows the path for many other countries when it comes to low carbon mobility solutions, a position that will only be reinforced when three new hybrid ferries hit the water.
Norwegian boat yard GS Marine Production AS is in the process of building the three hybrid and hybrid-ready ferries – all powered by Volvo Penta.
GS Marine built its first boat in 1993 and it made quite a splash in the market for being the largest GRP pleasure boat in Norway at the time. This became the precursor to its first cruise ship – Nordic Lady – which was delivered in 1998. Now a major boatyard, GS Marine is delivering hybrid solutions to operators such as Strandfaraskip Landsins and Norled AS, with the help of Brunvoll– a single-source supplier of propulsion, positioning, and maneuvering systems – and Volvo Penta.
GS Marine is currently building a new ferry for Faroe Island operator, Standfaraskip Landsins. This ferry will have a speed of 20 knots and be powered by two of Volvo Penta’s engines. The D13-700 IMO III engines have a power output of 515kW at 2,250rpm and will be coupled with a Brunvoll hybrid control system – allowing the vessel to run on the engines or electric alone, and even both in unison. Still under construction, this ferry will not be fitted with diesel gensets, as the engines will, through the electric motor connected to the gear, act as generator. This means that the Volvo Penta engines will supply all energy on board – in addition to plug-in facility when in port. Delivering near-zero-emissions, as well as high speed at sea, this ferry will be a welcome addition to Strandfaraskip’s growing fleet of hybrid boats.
SERIOUS ABOUT HYBRIDS
But this isn’t GS Marine’s first time building a hybrid boat. In April 2019 the company delivered the first of two, hybrid and hybrid-ready ferries to Norwegian operator Norled AS. Having recently signed a 10-year contract to operate the Haugesund-Røvær-Feøy route Norled invested in this new technology. The Fjordled ferry is the first hybrid boat operating in Norway, and her sister vessel Fjordöy is set to join her late this year.
These ferries are powered by two Volvo Penta D13 MH engines – both producing 441kW at 1,900rpm. Fjordled uses Volvo Penta IMO Tier III emissions compliant engines. Volvo Penta’s IMO III engine and after-treatment concept is a global solution for commercial marine operators. The Selective Catalytic Reduction System (SCR) is based on both Volvo Penta’s own experience in powering industrial off-road applications and the wider expertise of the Volvo Group.
In addition to the engines, the boat has two electric motors – with power outputs of 85kW at 2,100 rpm – that are mounted directly on gears. The battery pack consists of three strings with a total of 140kWh capacity (110kWh usable capacity). Due to the large battery capacity, there is no need to use standard generators to provide electric energy, allowing an uninterrupted power supply to electric and electronic systems on board.
“In Battery mode, the Fjordled is capable of 11 knots, but only 6-7 knots are required for harbour steaming,” explains Ingebjørn Aasheim, Naval Architect at GS Marine. “In Battery mode the boat is close to silent, which is much appreciated by locals and when passing popular marinas. Harbour steaming is approximately 30% of the operation, using electro-propulsion gives a better load profile on the engines, which in time results in less maintenance.”
These new hybrid vessels are equipped with SCR exhaust after treatment certified for IMO tier III, and meet future environmental requirements. Overall, these vessels emit 80 percent less NOx than the previous ferries traveling this route.
“Additionally, the Volvo Penta engines can run on HVO fuel as well as diesel,” explains Richard Johansson, Area Sales Manager at Volvo Penta. “When you combine the SCR technology with HVO fuel you not only reduce NOx you also reduce CO2 significantly. Add the fact that they can also be powered by batteries and you have an extremely efficient system.”
These moves towards electromobility are vital if Norway is to achieve its long-term goal of becoming a ‘low carbon society’ by 2050 – with an 80-95% reduction below its 1990 carbon levels.
By Jake Frith